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2016 Census and the LIS Community

In November 2017, Statistics Canada released new data from the 2016 Census about Canada’s labour force and education.

Below are some extracts about the library and information management community.

Occupation – National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (693A), Major Field of Study – Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (82), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (11), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census – 25% Sample Data

 TotalNo certificate, diploma or degreeSecondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateApprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaCollege, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diplomaUniversity certificate or diploma below bachelor levelBachelor's degreeUniversity certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level
0511 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers5,25575680756952101,4052,210
1213 Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers4,8501251,1051901,3802201,220610
1252 Health information management occupations5,565303051403,525265825470
1253 Records management technicians7,7852251,2852903,0804751,810610
1451 Library assistants and clerks19,0751,8605,5956254,1256554,7751,440
5111 Librarians9,8251072010593001,2156,860
5112 Conservators and curators2,17501152519007501,085
5113 Archivists2,0600140352800625975
5211 Library and public archive technicians10,3601451,6302703,9355052,4851,390
5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries9,0708952,8753951,3752152,390925

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016289.


Occupation – National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (693A), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Labour Force Status (3), Age (13A) and Sex (3) for the Labour Force Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census – 25% Sample Data

Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (693A)Total - Labour Force StatusEmployedUnemployed
0511 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers4,8404,675165
1213 Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers3,6053,415190
1252 Health information management occupations5,2605,18570
1253 Records management technicians7,1956,825375
1451 Library assistants and clerks16,97016,070900
5111 Librarians9,0908,870220
5112 Conservators and curators2,0301,905120
5113 Archivists1,9101,795120
5211 Library and public archive technicians9,5109,225290
5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries7.3755,8551,515

Library and information management occupations can also be found as part of other categories in the National Occupational Classification (NOC)

Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (693A)Total - Labour Force StatusEmployedUnemployedNotes
0114 Other administrative services managers32,58031,5401,040Includes: records administrator
1122 Professional occupations in business management consulting81,41578,2903,125Includes: records management specialist
1211 Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers13,08012,695385Includes: records office supervisors
4031 Secondary school teachers163,270160,8902,380Includes: librarian-teacher - high school
4032 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers288,140283,5304,610Includes: teacher-librarian - elementary school

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016295.


Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Major Field of Study – Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (82), Location of Study Compared with Province or Territory of Residence (7), Age (13A) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census – 25% Sample Data

Major field of studyTotalIn the labour forceEmployed UnemployedNot in the labour forceParticipation rateEmployment rateUnemployment rate
25. Library science40,82025,82524,5901,23514,99063.360.24.8
30.14 Museology / museum studies2,7352,2502,11014048582.377.16.2

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016285.


Employment Income Statistics (7), Occupation – National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 (193A), Work Activity During the Reference Year (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census – 25% Sample Data

OccupationTotalWith employment incomeMedian employment income ($)Average employment income ($)With wages, salaries and commissionsMedian wages, salaries and commissions ($)Average wages, salaries and commissions ($)
051 Managers in art, culture, recreation and sport26,82025,24550,08558,51723,43052,23660,665
125 Court reporters, transcriptionists, records management technicians and statistical officers30,11528,96043,07843,70126,05044,67045,490
145 Library, correspondence and other clerks78,57572,64520,91728,15570,69021,40228,345
511 Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators14,07013,68055,82355,22013,29056,72255,987
521 Technical occupations in libraries, public archives, museums and art galleries19,43018,85525,61829,02418,14026,31729,273

Employment income – All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.

Wages, salaries and commissions – Gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income taxes, pension plan contributions and employment insurance premiums during the reference period. While other employee remuneration such as security options benefits, board and lodging and other taxable allowances and benefits are included in this source, employers’ contributions to pension plans and employment insurance plans are excluded. Other receipts included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses associated with paid employment, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union, research grants, royalties from a work or invention with no associated expenses and all types of casual earnings during the reference period.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016304.


Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Major Field of Study – Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (43), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), School Attendance (3), Age (13A) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census – 25% Sample Data

Major field of studyTotalNon-Immigrants [2]Immigrants [3]Before 19811981 to 19901991 to 20002001 to 20102011 to 2016Non-permanent residents [4]
25. Library science40,81531,5659,0203,7101,0951,4951,910805235

[Note 1] Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident. Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

[Note 2] ‘Non-immigrants’ includes persons who are Canadian citizens by birth.

[Note 3] ‘Immigrants’ includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, ‘Immigrants’ includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

[Note 4] ‘Non-permanent residents’ includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016269.

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